Arc de Triomphe
The Arc de Triomphe is a true symbol of Paris and the history of France. Located on the Place Charles de Gaulle (also called the Etoile Square or the Stars) and is considered the largest in Europe.
Its height reaches 49.51 meters (the arch is 29.19 meters), and its width is 44.82 meters.
Napoleon I Bonaparte in 1806, a year after the battle of Austerlitz, ordered to erect a triumphal arch in honor of the revolution and military victories. Two years spent on the construction of the foundation. Engaged in the project architect Shalgren.
In 1810, Napoleon married the Austrian princess Marie-Louise. She was supposed to pass under the arches of this arch, but the building was not yet ready. Before the celebration of the boards and canvases created the decoration of the arch.
By 1811, the work was never completed. In the same year, the architect died, who was involved in the project. By that time, five more meters of the arch had not been completed. For several years she stood unfinished in the center of Paris. Napoleon himself died in 1821, without having seen the realized project, which was initiated as an initiator.
Under the emperor Louis-Philippe, the construction of the arch was completed thanks to the architect Abel Blow. Then there was 1836 year.
In 1840, under the arch drove a motorcade with the ashes of Napoleon. Then these mourning ceremonies were arranged after the death of Victor Hugo – the world famous French writer, the politician Louis Adolf Thiers, General Joffre.
In 1821, under the arch, a burial ceremony for the remains of the Unknown Soldier took place. The inscription on the plate reads: “Here lies the French soldier who died for the Fatherland in 1914-1918”.
Description of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
Famous masters worked on sculptural groups of the Arc de Triomphe. Among them: Jean-Jacques Pradier, Francois Rud, Jean-Pierre Corto, Antoine Etex, Bernard Gabriel Serre, Jean-Jacques Fescher and others. All bas-reliefs and sculptural figures are made in the neoclassical style.
On the bas-reliefs under the arched opening there are winged maidens, trumpeting to the fanfare. They became a symbol of glory and triumph.
From the side of the Champs Elysées, bas-reliefs “The funeral of General Marceau” and “Presentation of a captive Turkish military leader to Napoleon Bonaparte”. From the side of the Avenue – “The Battle for the Ancient Egyptian City of Canob” and “The Battle of Arcola”. On the sides – the battles of Austerlitz and Jemappes.
Also on the Paris Arc de Triomphe, you can find a bas-relief depicting Napoleon Bonaparte. The emperor appears with a laurel wreath of victory.
Below are four more sculptural groups. From the side of the Champs Elysées – “The Triumph of 1810” in honor of the signing of the Schönbrunn Peace and the end of the Austro-French War, and also the most famous – “The march against the Prussian troops”. The sculptural group stands out against the others with its expression and dynamism. It depicts warriors headed by the winged goddess of victory. She became the personification of freedom, the Motherland and the revolutionary anthem “Marseillaise”. From the side of Grand Arme Avenue – the sculpture “The Resistance of 1814” and “The World of 1815”.
Around the Arc de Triomphe – granite stones connected by chains. There are only 100 of them – exactly the same number of days the second reign of Napoleon Bonaparte lasted.
Museum at the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
In the arch is a museum. There you will see not only exhibits related to revolutionary and military battles, but also with the help of interactive screens you can go back to events that are far and significant for history.
On the arch there is a beautiful observation deck. To climb it, you need to overcome 284 steps or drive almost to the very top of the elevator and climb 46 steps.
July 14, Bastille Day, a parade takes place here. It is believed that this is one of the most successful days to visit Star Square. However, the only negative is that on this day in the morning you cannot get into the arch itself.
Mode of operation and cost of tickets
The museum is open every day. It does not work only on January 1, May 1, May 8 in the morning, July 14, November 11 in the morning and December 25.
from January 2 to March 31 – from 10.00 to 22.30;
from April 1 to September 30 – from 10.00 to 23.00;
from October 1 to December 31 – from 10.00 to 22.30.
Cashier stops working half an hour before closing.
for adults – 12 euros;
for students from 18 to 25 years old – 9 euros;
for groups (more than 20 people) – 9 euros each;
for children and students up to 17 years old admission is free.
Buy a ticket to the Museum of the Arc de Triomphe
How to get to the Arc de Triomphe
The arch is located on the Square of the Stars. You can reach in different ways:
by subway on lines 1, 2 and 6 to the station Charles de Gaulle – Etoile (Charles de Gaulle – Etoile);
on buses number 22, 30,31, 52, 73 and 92 to the stop “Charles de Gaulle – Etoile” (Charles de Gaulle – Etoile);
on a rented or private car. Along the route on the google-map you can navigate how to get to the arch from the airport Charles de Gaulle.