Sacré Coeur Basilica in Paris
The Sacré Coeur Basilica is visible from almost anywhere in Paris, as it is located on the highest point of the city – the top of Montmartre. Translated from the French “Basilique du Sacré-Cœur” means “Basilica of the Sacred Heart”, which means – the temple was consecrated in the name of the Heart of Christ.
Such an unusual name of the Catholic Church is associated with brotherhoods that support the special cult of Sacratissimum Cor Jesu (Latin). Its founder and inspirer was the French nun of sv. Margarita Alakok (1647–90), canonized almost 200 years after his death by Pope Pius IX. Jesuits took an active part in spreading the cult of the Sacred Heart of Jesus. In particular, a great contribution to the development of the Holy. John Ed, who wrote many works on the topic of honoring the Heart of Jesus as a symbol of the Most High’s love for people and their gratitude for the salvation given to humanity.
Hotels in Paris near the Sacré Coeur Basilica
The idea of building a magnificent Catholic church arose after the Franco-Prussian war of 1870–71. as a tribute to the victims of military conflict. Around the place of construction chosen in Montmartre, disputes have been going on for a long time. The protest of ordinary citizens was caused by the fact that it was here that the dramatic events occurred associated with the fall of the Paris Commune, and the appearance at the top of the hill was associated with them as perpetuating the memory of those who ordered the defeat of a popular uprising.
However, in 1873 the city decided to build a basilica on the 130-meter high of Montmartre. This was due to several events that occurred in the long past. First of all, the Archbishop of Paris – Cardinal Joseph-Hippolyte Giber reminded the deputies of parliament that the hill has been a place of worship since time immemorial. During the period of persecution of Christians, believers used the local quarries as shelters, and the first Parisian bishop Dionysius and his followers accepted their martyrdom here.
The project of the Sacre-Coeur basilica was developed by hereditary French architect Paul Abadi. He became the winner of the competition held in the first half of 1874, in which more than 70 famous and young architects participated. By that time, Abadi had already occupied leading positions in Paris and had managed to contribute to the reconstruction of the Cathedral of Notre Dame. It is sad that the master could not see his brainchild in all its glory. After it, the six more architects took the baton in turn, who left their mark on the exterior and interior of the cult building.
The construction of the Sacré Coeur basilica continued from 1875 to 1914.
Chronology of the main events:
June 16, 1875 – installation of a foundation stone (it can be seen in the lower right part of the steps in front of the bronze door);
March 3, 1876 – the opening of a small chapel;
1881 – the beginning of the internal work;
June 5, 1889 – the first church service in the church;
November 20, 1895 – hoisting the main bell of the Savoyard;
April 6, 1912 – completion of the construction of the bell tower;
October 16, 1919 – the consecration of the basilica;
1903–20 – design of stained glass;
1900–22 – Work on the mosaic of the central apse.
The construction of a cult building was accompanied by difficulties associated with the presence in the body of a hill a whole network of abandoned quarries. We had to carry out work to strengthen the base and foundation, which significantly increased the duration of the construction of the basilica. 83 pits with a depth of 33 meters were dug for the device of the piles, and between them, arched supports were made.
The consecration of the Sacré Coeur basilica was scheduled for 1914, but the First World War introduced its own corrections. Solemn event held after 5 years.
In his work, Paul Abadi tried to combine the design features of the Constantinople Cathedral of St. Sophia and the Venetian Cathedral of San Marco. For domes, he chose similar forms of the medieval church of Saint-Fron, located in Perigueux in southern France. As a result, the basilica acquired a Romano-Byzantine style with elements of Gothic and Renaissance. For such eclecticism, to a certain extent violating the appearance of the city, the Parisians for a long time called the structure “national cake”. Today, the Sacre-Coeur Basilica is considered one of the symbols of the capital of France. It amazes with its radiance, grandeur and beauty.
The length and width of the building in the plan – 85 and 35 meters.
The height of the central dome is 83 meters.
The height of the bell tower is 100 meters.
The weight of the largest bell Savoyar – more than 19 tons.
Panoramic view from the observation deck of the dome – up to 50 km.